Uveitis in dogs
Uveitis in dogs is a painful and serious medical condition that requires prompt veterinary treatment. Uveitis causes inflammation of a part of the eye called the uvea, and may occur in one or both eyes.
How do I know if my dog has uveitis?
The RSVP rule applies when identifying the possibility of uveitis. An examination by your veterinarian is however required to diagnose and treat this condition.
R – Redness
The white part of the eye, also known as the sclera, is a dark red colour in dogs with uveitis. You can observe this at home by lifting the “eyebrow” area of your pooch. Other conditions known to cause redness in the eye include glaucoma, allergic conjunctivitis and dry eye.
S – Sensitivity to light
You may find that your pooch is squinting during the day, or walking around with their eyes closed. Uveitis in dogs will likely cause photophobia, which is an inability to tolerate light.
V – Vision disturbances
This is a symptom that may be more difficult to observe as a pet parent. Blurry vision often accompanies uveitis, and in severe cases, you may notice your pooch not being able to navigate in and around the house as well as they did before.
P – Pain
The pain caused by uveitis in dogs is limited to the affected eye. As a pet parent, you may notice your pooch consistently rubbing his eyes.
Should your dog display any of the above symptoms it is important to have them seen by a vet as soon as possible. It is important to note however that there are multiple other non-serious conditions which may display similar symptoms.
Risk factors for dogs developing uveitis include, but are not limited to:
- Infections (bacterial, fungal, or viral)
- Trauma to the eye
- High blood pressure
Upon examination your veterinarian will test the pressure in your dog’s eye. Uveitis is characterized by normal intraocular pressure in the eye. Another serious eye condition, namely glaucoma, is accompanied by high eye pressure.
Treatment for uveitis in dogs
The treatment for uveitis is focused on reducing inflammation and pain control. Your veterinarian will most likely prescribe an eye drop that contains cortisone. It is important to administer the drops exactly as prescribed in order to treat this condition.
Prognosis for uveitis in dogs
Uveitis, although serious, is treatable. When left untreated, however, this condition may cause irreversible blindness in your dog. Mild cases of uveitis may resolve within a couple of weeks, whereas more severe cases may require prolonged treatment.