Cat Urinary Tract Health
Poor urinary tract health in cats has been linked to a variety of health-related issues. Below we explore what urinary tract complications may occur in your cat and how these are treated.
Lower urinary tract health problems in cats
FLUTD or Feline Urinary Tract Disease is a diagnosis used to describe problems occurring in the lower urinary tract of a cat. Furthermore, FLUTD normally affects the urethra and the bladder. With FLUTD your cat’s bladder may have difficulty emptying or the urethra may become blocked. The latter is considered a medical emergency.
Signs and symptoms of FLUTD include
- Painful urination
- Blood in the urine
- Urinating outside of the litter box
- Increase in urination
Causes of FLUTD
FLUTD has a variety of causes. A diagnosis is therefore based on a thorough examination combined with laboratory and/or radiographic testing. Causes for this type of urinary tract health problem in your cat includes;
- Kidney stones
- Blockage of the urethra
- Certain infections (bacterial, parasitic, viral)
- Inflammation (cystitis)
Less common causes include:
- Problems with the spinal cord
- Problems with the thyroid
- Certain tumors
Furthermore, middle-aged cats are more prone to be diagnosed with this type of urinary tract problem. FLUTD may however affect any cat of any age. Stress has also been known to be a risk factor for developing this type of disease. Additionally, male cats are more prone to blockages of the urethra.
Urinary Tract Health treatment
Depending on the cause of the FLUTD, treatment to improve your cat’s urinary tract health may include:
- A prescription diet
- Prescriptions medications to treat the underlying condition
- Increasing intake of water
- Ensuring your cat’s litter box is clean at all times, or having more than one litter box available
- Reducing stress (environmental and emotional)
In conclusion, poor urinary health in your cat could be a medical emergency. It is important to observe your feline friend for any behavior which is irregular from their routine. Most cat’s do well with a prescription diet as well as environmental changes promoting urinary health. Speak to your veterinarian about promoting urinary tract health in your cat.